Gastroenterology essentially addresses diseases of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon and
rectum, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts and liver. The functioning of the entire digestive system, both
related to the passage of food through the digestive canal to the physiological processes of food digestion,
absorption and elimination come under the purview of this specialty.
It includes the medical and surgical treatment of diseases such as colon polyps, gastrointestinal cancer,
jaundice, cirrhosis of the liver, gastroesophageal reflux (heartburn), peptic ulcer disease, colitis,
gallbladder and biliary tract disease, nutritional problems, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS),